Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.

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Hooker’s icones plantarum38 In high rainfall conditions, another leaf spot Ascochyta sp. Views Read Edit View history. The latter produces black nodules, which are still effective. Heavy rains during the initial stages of crop growth affect nodule formation owing to poor aeration in the soil. In more humid environments, powdery mildew Sphaerotheca fuliginea and a leaf spot Cercospora dolichi may cause damage as plants approach maturity.

Young plants of cv.

Macrotyloma uniflorum – Wikipedia

It is commonly used in making pon ye gyia fermented bean paste used in traditional Burmese cuisine. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Click on images to enlarge Scale bar 10mm. User specific search options User. It is completely intolerant of frost, but nacrotyloma seeds before the frosts and regenerates in the summer from seed.

India Biodiversity Portal

Horse gram germinates reasonably well in drought-prone areas with very poor soils where other crops invariably fail to grow due to Dehydrins MuDHN1, MuDHN2 and MuDHN3 which appeared to be the principle stress responsive genes in various abiotic stresses unifloeum, it is relatively tolerant to low to moderate salinity levels with pH up to 8 and heavy metal stresses compared to other pulse crops grown in semi-arid regions.


Often not relished by cattle on first introduction, but then well eaten following a period of adjustment. Idukki, Palakkad, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram. Choice of useful plant species from forests for domestication has been found to start simultaneo African collections originate from areas with annual rainfall from — mm, and Indian collections, —2, mm, and the overall majority from —1, mm, usually with a high summer dominance.

Stipels about mm long. Heteropogon macfotylomaPanicum maximum. Yellow mosaic virus is one of the major constraints for its cultivation in peninsular India. Sasidharan,Flora of Karnataka, Sharma B.

Horse gram seed contains carbohydrate Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. The two rows from left are cultivated types – the row on the right is a wild type.

August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Unifoorum shortly stipitate, slightly curved, smooth or tomentose, linear-oblong, 2. Leichhardt inset shows different ecotype.

Leaf disease can be a problem in higher rainfall areas. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research40— Technology Biodiversity in India. Scientists from the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology have found that unprocessed raw horse gram seeds not only possess antihyperglycemic properties, but also have qualities which reduce insulin resistance.

Raw horse gram seed is rich in polyphenolsflavonoidsand proteins, major antioxidants present in fruits and other food materials. A species of possible significance as a grazing crop but regeneration of soft-seeded annual varieties is poor.

This page was last edited on 22 Octoberat Archaeological investigations have revealed the use of horse gram as food especially in India as origin around BC. Does not seem to adversely affect ruminants.

Horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) | Feedipedia

Horse gram is a short day, twining, succulent, annual climbing herb which has trifoliate leaves, white coloured flowers, long linear pubescent pods with curved beak, flattened small seeds with light red, brown, grey, black or mottled testa with photo and thermo-sensitive nature. Upper and lower surfaces of the leaflet blades clothed in prostrate hairs.


Has value as a pioneer legume or sometimes a regenerating annual in permanent pasture. The scientists made a comparative analysis between horse gram seeds and their sprouts and found that the seeds have greater beneficial effects on the health of hyperglycemic individuals.

Macrotyloma uniflorum

First leaves orbicular to cordatepulvinus present. It is prescribed for persons suffering from jaundice or water retention and as part of a weight loss diet.

Flowers are self-fertile and cleistogamous, although evidence of some cross-pollination by insects. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification.

The horse gram is normally used to feed horses, though it uniflkrum also commonly used in cooking. Adapted to a wide range of well-drained soils from sands and gravels to clay loams and heavy clays.

Retrieved May 31, Similarly, inoculation is usually not essential, since, like M. All plant parts clothed in short translucent hairs.

Ahmednagar, Kolhapur, Nasik, Pune Karnataka: Altitudinal range in NEQ from m. Relatively free of disease and pests. It is best managed as a dry season feed reserve, with the high quality seed-in-pod remaining on the bush, and fallen leaf licked from the ground.

Grown as a grain crop in India; one of the few native Australian species used as a crop. Related observations Show all.