Definition. The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system. They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton. In fact, many.

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Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo

Historically, it has been seen as a better method of governing than other forms in the region. This transition rite is an isolation ritual syetem followed by election and proclamation of young Gada leaders which is purely political.?

Related East Africa Ethiopia. The following is a brief description of the Gada system extracted from the documentation submitted to the UNESCO with some editing for the sake brevity. In genera Kallachaa is a symbol of peace and reconciliation. The main duty of this class is military service. They campaign on behalf of their sons.

Hence, Gadaa is instrumental in examining and understanding the cultural and historical experience of the Oromo people. Proto-cushitic peoples used to believe in a single God, and some times Osirs and Monotheism was a common religion of the same peoples of the Nile Valley.

The second is a system in which the members are recruited on the bases of genealogical generation. Gada Assembly is an ultimate authority. Gemechu Megersa who deeply knows the culture of the Oromo society and conducted research for a long time supports the above views.


Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System –

To address comments or complaints, please Contact us. At a household level, parents transmit gadax knowledge about the ethics, practices and rituals of the system and socialize their children into Gada culture. So, both bear the same type of ritual leaders of Gadaa institution. In fact by African standard the Oromo had effective military organization headed by military officer titled as Abba Dula War chief. Currently, the Oromiya Radio and Television broadcast programs in the Oromo language about various aspect of the Gada System to increase gadqa.

However, counting back the Gadaa leaders in yadaa, now at 74th Gadaa leader and multiplying it by eight years, one can reasonably conclude it has been practised since at least the early s. Oditu, Karrayu, Qaalluu of Borena clan as well as great Qaalluu of Gujii clan were said to be originally descendants from heaven.

Gada System of checks and balances such as respecting eight years rule, power sharing and balanced opposition of parties helps avoid subordination, exploitation, corruption and misuse of power. The investiture of Gada leaders at this stage is distinguished from the induction of Gada councilors during proclamation ceremony in the 24 th? In most literature, the Qaaalluu institution was referred to sgstem Abbaa Muuda which is derived from ritual muudaa of principal figure.

It was the introduction of fire arms into the region by Europeans that changed the balance. The other most important thing is that the Past – Present – Future – are in the assembly.


Make public decisions i. As ofGadaa had active adherents only among the Borana and Guji groups near the Ethiopian-Kenyan border.

As a governance System, Gada guides the life course of individuals and regulates political, economic, social and religious activities of the community.

Knowledge about the Gada system is transmitted to children in the home and at school. It was the central institution of the Oromo people that contains complex and extra-ordinary features.

On the whole this stage is the stage of political and military leadership. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa father of Gadaahistorians most often say that it is impossible to know about Oromo’s background without understanding the ruling scheme of the Gadaa System.

Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio- political system of the Oromo Name of the element in the language and script of the community concerned: The Gadamoji are similar to the? There are also different units in most cases nine units under one Cibra.

The knowledge and practices of the Gada System have been transmitted from generation to generation in various ways. Concerning its genesis,German scholar E. Today, the sycamore tree is a symbolic representation of dialogue and consensus, where the local community comes together to make new rules and resolve disputes Sirna Accessed in July,